Isotopic abundance, natural


Isotope frequency in a naturally occurring isotope mixture. In nature, elements for which several isotopes exist occur in an isotope mixture that - apart from a few specifically justified exceptions - is the same everywhere on earth. Several isotopes may occur in about the same ratio, e.g. Cu-63 with 69% and Cu-65 with 31% in the case of copper. However, one isotope frequently predominates and the others are present only in traces in this case, e.g. for oxygen: 99.759% O-16; 0.0374% O-17; 0.2039% O-18.









11 - 15 March 2018
Munich, Germany


30 September - 04 October 2018
Prague, Czech Republic